PART XII: HERE WAS A CAESAR; WHEN COMES SUCH ANOTHER?
Next, they divided control of the empire, with Octavian taking the west, Antony the east. Lepidus, who was by far the junior partner, got the short end of the stick, receiving nominal control of Africa. In reality, the empire was divided between the heir of Caesar and his former lieutenant, and the hot war between them would subside into a simmering cold war that would last for the next eleven years.
Antony, on the other hand, inherited the wealthy, cosmopolitan east, where kings were worshiped as gods and cities shone with gold, marble and silk. Most of all, he inherited Caesar's strategic and romantic alliance with Egypt's Queen Cleopatra, about which much ink has been spilled in prose and poetry both high and low. From his base in Alexandria, Antony could rely on his lover's support militarily and financially, which he intended to use to achieve the one goal that had escaped Julius Caesar: the conquest of Parthia. With this new glory, he was certain to eclipse his younger rival and wrest total control of Rome's destiny from his hands.